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Articles by Benjamin Young

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Benjamin R. Young is a PhD student in East Asian history, George Washington University. First and foremost, the author would like to thank his master’s thesis advisors at The College at Brockport, Meredith Roman and Takashi Nishiyama, for helping him develop this paper. The author also thanks Gregg Brazinsky, Adam Cathcart, Bruce Cumings, Christine Hong, Chuck Kraus, B.R Myers, James Person, Janet Poole, Mark Selden, Balazs Szalontai, Peter Ward, and Robert Winstanley-Chesters for reading earlier versions of this paper and offering helpful advice and constructive feedback. The author can be contacted at and his webpage can be accessed at